Computer, tablet and smartphone warranties: Understanding and exercising your rights

A computer, tablet or smartphone can be a big investment, so it's important to know you'll be protected if you get a device with some sort of defect. This guide explains how warranties for these types of products work, why extended warranties and insurance aren't always a good idea, your warranty rights under the law, how to file a claim, and what to do if you're dissatisfied with how your claim is handled.

Computer, tablet and smartphone warranties: Understanding and exercising your rights

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Computers, tablets and smartphones are complex devices that often come with a high price tag. With such a significant investment, you want to be confident that you’re protected against any defects. Fortunately, electronic devices come with a manufacturer’s warranty. You also may be offered an extended warranty or insurance, for an extra cost. The best time to make decisions about the kind of protection you need or want for your new device is before you get to the checkout.

This guide will tell you what you should look for in a warranty, whether extended warranties and insurance are worth buying, how consumer laws protect you (including the additional rights Californians have), how to make a claim, and what next steps to take if you’re dissatisfied.

Manufacturer’s warranty

New computers, tablets and smartphones come with a manufacturer’s warranty. A typical manufacturer’s warranty lasts one year, though you may find ones for as short as 90 days or as long as 24 months. While warranties differ, they typically promise to repair, replace or refund the purchase price of a device that is found to have mechanical, electrical or software defects. They don’t cover damage caused by accidents (like dropping your phone) or abuse/neglect (leaving your computer in the hot sun, for example).

Your new device should come with a written (“express”) warranty. You might find this in or on the product packaging, or it might be found only online. If you’d like to read the warranty before making a purchase, look for it online or where the product is sold (federal law requires warranty availability at retail locations for warranted products costing more than $15).

One reason to read the warranty before purchase is to find out how long it will last and to learn what remedies are available if something goes wrong. For example, if your device needs to be replaced, will you receive a refurbished product (most common) rather than a new one? Can you turn the device in locally for inspection or repair, or must you ship it? If you must ship it, are you responsible for shipping charges?

Finding the warranty online

The easiest place to find a product warranty is on the device manufacturer’s website. It may also be available on your wireless service provider’s website or on the websites of retailers that sell the product (Amazon, Best Buy or Target, for example), but it may not be as easy to locate.

Any remaining warranty on a used device goes with it when it is sold. You can check the warranty status of a particular used device (your own or one you’re considering purchasing) at the device manufacturer’s website. For example, check an iPhone’s warranty status here, or a Samsung’s warranty status here.

Be prepared to enter the device’s serial number or IMEI number, which often can be found on the packaging or in the device’s Settings (under “General,” “About,” or similar)—but share that number only with verified, legitimate parties.

Extended warranty

Retailers often push the option to purchase an extended warranty, or service contract, at the point of sale. The standard extended warranty provides the same coverage as the manufacturer’s warranty, but for a longer period—typically an additional one, two or three years. You also might have the option to purchase a plan that includes additional protection, such as for accidental damage, loss or theft.

Depending on where you buy the device, the extended warranty could be through the manufacturer (like Apple Care or Samsung Care+), the wireless service carrier (Verizon, AT&T, etc.), the retailer (for example, Best Buy, Walmart or Target) or a third party (SquareTrade, Mobile Rhino or Asurion, to name a few). (Note: Even if you buy an extended warranty from the retailer or wireless carrier, the coverage may be provided by one of these third parties.)

Most consumer advocates advise against buying an extended warranty. Consumer Reports explains, in its study of appliance/electronics extended warranties, why extended warranties are rarely a good idea:

  • Repairs may be covered by the manufacturer’s warranty.
  • Products don’t typically break down during the time period covered by the service contract.
  • There is not much difference between the cost of the warranty and the cost of a repair (but buying a warranty locks in that cost, even if you never use it).
  • Manufacturers sometimes recall and repair serious out-of-warranty issues if there’s a known defect affecting many customers.
  • Your credit card may provide extended coverage on items paid for with the card.
  • You may have additional warranty rights under state law (see “State protections,” below).
  • The plan may let you down—deny your claim, impose inconvenient requirements, take too long to process the repair, etc.

Instead of buying an extended warranty, Consumer Reports recommends:

  • Buying reliable products: Check user and expert reviews online to find out how likely the product you’re considering is to have problems (and how the retailer or manufacturer deals with them).
  • Reading the manufacturer’s warranty before buying: Look for one that provides good coverage for a reasonably long period (at least a year).
  • Understanding the retailer’s return policy: Look for one where the company stands behind the products it sells rather than just directing you to the manufacturer if you have a problem.
  • Self-insuring: Set aside the money you’d spend on an extended warranty so that it’s there if you need to pay for a repair or replacement. (Before paying out of pocket, though, contact the manufacturer, retailer and/or your credit card to see if they will help.)

Device insurance

Device insurance covers things not covered under warranty, such as loss, theft and accidental damage, though not every policy covers all of these types of claims.

Insurance may be worth it if you:

  • Have a very expensive device and tend to upgrade regularly
  • Have a history of losing or damaging your devices
  • Have multiple expensive devices in the family
  • Would have a hard time paying for a repair or replacement out of pocket

The coverage is offered by many traditional insurers (sometimes under a different name—for example, SquareTrade is an Allstate company) as well as smaller companies that specialize in these types of insurance products. When insurance is offered by the device manufacturer, your wireless carrier or the retailer, it typically is provided by one of these insurance companies.

Coverage cost and terms can vary widely, so shop around and understand exactly what will be covered and what will be excluded. Some questions you should get answers for are:

  • Is the premium charged monthly and, if so, can you cancel at any time, or do you prepay for a longer period?
  • What is covered and what is excluded? Specifically, are you covered if the device is lost? Stolen? Damaged by something you do (drop it, leave it in the hot sun, spill on it, etc.)?
  • How much is the deductible (the amount you must pay out of pocket before the insurer pays) at different premium amounts? (On all types of insurance, the lower the premium, the higher the deductible.) Is the deductible different for different types of claims (theft versus damage, for example)?
  • Is there a limit on the number of claims you can file?
  • What is the claims process? What types of documents (receipt, police report, etc.) are required? What is the turnaround time for a typical claim?
  • Under what circumstances are claims denied?
  • If your claim is approved, will you receive a repair or a replacement? If a replacement is given, will it be a new device or a refurbished one?

Insurance is probably not worthwhile if you usually buy lower-cost models and/or keep your device for years. Also, if what you’re mainly worried about is a cracked or scratched screen (rather than loss, theft or major damage), then it will almost certainly be less expensive for you to pay for the screen repair yourself rather than pay continuous insurance premiums.

If you have homeowners or renters insurance, your policy might cover theft of your device or damages caused in covered incidents (like a home fire). However, you may have a high enough deductible that any repair (or the cost of a new device) wouldn’t be covered. Even if the repair or replacement cost does exceed the deductible, you should consider if it’s worth filing a claim, since a claim often can trigger a premium increase. Check your policy to find out what type of coverage you have, if any, for your smartphone, tablet and/or computer.

Some credit cards offer free extended warranties on products purchased with the card. And some credit cards include (limited) cell phone protection/insurance for a damaged or stolen device if you pay your monthly wireless service bill with the card. While the benefit can be attractive, you shouldn’t choose a credit card based on just this feature, and the cards that offer it may require a strong credit score to qualify and/or charge an annual fee. For a list of some cards that offer cell phone protection, visit the NerdWallet website.

You could self-insure: Put the money you would pay for insurance aside to cover the cost of a future repair or replacement. If you don’t ever need to use it, you can put the money toward a new device when you’re ready to upgrade (something you can’t do with insurance premiums you’ve paid).

Consumer warranty laws

The Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act is the federal law that governs product warranties. The Act does not require any business to provide a written warranty. However, once a business decides to offer a written warranty on a consumer product, it must comply with the Act.

Among other things, the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act:

  • Requires manufacturers and sellers who do provide written product warranties to clearly disclose and describe the warranty terms in a single, clear, easily readable document (for products over $15).
  • Requires that the warranty be available where the product is sold so that consumers can read it before purchasing (for products over $15).
  • Prohibits anyone offering a written warranty from disclaiming or modifying the “implied warranty of merchantability”—the unwritten understanding that the product will be free of defects and operate as expected (see “State protections,” below).
  • Requires the company providing the warranty to title the warranty as either “full” or “limited” (for products over $10). Among other limits that may be imposed, a limited warranty restricts an implied warranty to the duration of the written warranty. (See “State protections” section, below, for the definition of an “implied warranty.”)
  • Prohibits statements or implications that the consumer of a warranted product must buy or use a particular product or service from a particular company or else risk losing the warranty coverage. (For example, a phone manufacturer can’t require you to buy and use one of its own phone cases in order for the warranty to be valid.)

Right to Repair

Many companies claim that their warranties are voided when consumers attempt their own repairs, use an independent repair shop, or use off-brand replacement parts. In most cases, such “tie-in sales” provisions are illegal under the federal Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act.

Some companies also further discourage—or prevent—consumers from repairing their devices independently (not through the manufacturer) by withholding the needed manuals, parts or tools.

A few states, including California, have enacted laws that require manufacturers of consumer electronics to make repair guides, parts and tools for those products available to owners and to businesses offering service and repairs. A number of other states have introduced similar “right-to-repair” legislation. (Check your state’s status here). There is no federal right-to-repair law yet, but there are ongoing efforts to require manufacturers to provide the needed diagnostic/repair information and parts to product owners and independent repair shops.

Learn more and support the effort.

State protections

States can establish their own warranty laws, which means that consumer rights and protections vary from state to state, and some states have stronger protections than federal law provides.

Under the Uniform Commercial Code, in all states except Louisiana (which offers similar protections under state law), most products sold by merchants automatically come with an “implied warranty of merchantability.” This is the unwritten understanding that the product purchased is free of defects and will satisfy a buyer’s reasonable expectations regarding functionality and durability, for four years in some states and for as long as any express warranty lasts in others. This applies to new and used goods, but it doesn’t apply to casual sellers, such as someone selling a single device on eBay.

Many states allow an exception to the “implied warranty of merchantability” for items sold “as is.” In Connecticut, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Washington, D.C., however, you’re covered regardless of “as is” language.

To learn about your state’s product warranty laws, do an online search for the state name plus “warranty laws.”

Additional rights for Californians

The California Song-Beverly Consumer Warranty Act applies to the sale of consumer goods in the state. Among other things, Song-Beverly requires manufacturers giving a written warranty to maintain either their own repair facilities or independently contracted service and repair facilities reasonably close to where their products are sold. It also extends the manufacturer’s warranty while the product is in for repairs, and for any repair delays not caused by the buyer. The warranty does not expire until the defect has been fixed, or a refund or replacement has been made. (While manufacturers have the option to provide a refund or replacement immediately, they are required to do so after a “reasonable” number of service or repair attempts fail.)

California does allow "as is" sales, as long as the seller makes it clear, in writing, that there is no implied warranty of merchantability and that the entire cost of any needed servicing or repair is the buyer’s responsibility.

Making a claim

If you need to make a claim, read the warranty to find out not only what the process is, but also whether your issue is likely to be covered, what information and/or documentation you should be prepared to provide, and any other details that would help you avoid having your claim rejected. If the warranty doesn’t indicate who to contact, start with the retailer, which might refer you to the manufacturer. Depending on the company, you might be able to start the claim online, by email, in person and/or by phone.

The best way to avoid a hassle is to report the issue as soon as possible after you buy the device—retailers are more likely to be lenient when returns are made soon after purchase. That doesn’t mean, though, that you should not contact the retailer and manufacturer about defects discovered much later—even after the warranty has expired. (Some companies will honor the warranty after expiration if they are aware of a widespread problem with the device, or as a goodwill gesture.)

If you have to ship the device to the manufacturer or a repair center, you may be provided a free shipping label. Some companies also offer loaners, so that you’re not left without a device while yours is being evaluated and repaired or replaced.

If you report a defect to the company during the warranty period but the product isn’t repaired properly, the company must correct the problem, even if your warranty expires before the product is fixed.

If you’re dissatisfied

If you are within the warranty period and believe you have a covered problem with your device but can’t get the retailer or manufacturer to approve your claim, see if you can escalate your problem up the corporate ladder. (Find company contacts at Social media and review sites are another avenue that often gets results—companies often monitor these sites and are eager to resolve complaints before they create bad publicity or damage their brands. If that fails, you could file a complaint with your state attorney general or consumer protection office. Consumer Action’s free “How to Complain” guide offers tips for getting results.

Federal law allows you to seek a chargeback (reversal of the charge) or to withhold payment when there are certain types of problems with items purchased using a credit card. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the National Consumer Law Center (NCLC) outline the general guidelines for these rights on their websites.

You could take the company to small claims court. Just the threat of a lawsuit might be enough to motivate the company to take another look at your complaint and resolve the problem. You can find consumer attorneys on the National Association of Consumer Advocates website, through your local bar association, or via a free legal services provider. (Even if you live in a state, such as California, where attorneys are not allowed to represent claimants in small claims court, you can seek legal advice to help you with your case.)

To find out if your phone is the subject of a product recall, check the manufacturer’s website, ask the retailer, or do a search for your phone model at

Report violations of your warranty rights, such as a refusal to let you read the warranty before purchase, to the FTC. The agency won’t respond individually to your complaint, but if enough people have the same problem, it might take action against the company.

Published / Reviewed Date

Reviewed: April 04, 2024

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Computer, tablet and smartphone warranties: Understanding and exercising your rights
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File Size: 1.09MB



This publication was produced with a grant from the Rose Foundation for Communities and the Environment.

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